Conidiophores (annellides) produced within compact fruiting structures (aecervuli or pycnidia). Spores (conidia) 4- to 5-celled, with the two or three central cells dark brown, and with two or more apical appendages or hairs; collecting in a wet mass outside the aecervulus.

Pestalotiopsis is just one of a complex group of fungi. It can be confused with several other genera. The following key may be some help in distinguishing the genera. However, anyone seriously interested in identifying a member of this group should consult the monumental work on coelomycetes with appendaged conidia by T. R. Nag Raj (Nag Raj, 1993).




1. Conidia with a single apical branched or unbranched appendage 2

1. Conidia with appendages arising at more than one point on the apical cell 10


2. (1) Basal appendages always lacking 3

2. Basal appendage present in some of the spores 6


3. (2) Apical appendage laterally branched, comb-like


3. Apical appendage unbranched or with branches regularly produced on more than one side 4


4. (3) Apical cell with a single unbranched appendage produced at a nearly right angle to the axis of the spore


4. Apical cell with appendage(s) branched or arising at several points 5


5. (4) Branches of the apical cell arising at one point or nearly so


5. Branches of apical appendage arising at several points



6. (2) Conidia without appendages commonly occuring among those with appendages


6. Conidia consistently appendaged 7


7. (6) Conidia disto-septate, with inner walls greatly thickened and often with conspicuous septal pores


7. Conidia euseptate,with normally thickened or thin septa 8


8. (7) Apical appendage always unbranched 9

8. Apical appendage lateral, branched



9. (8) Basal appendage arising from the septum or the basal cell


9. Basal appendage arising from lateral wall of the basal cell



10. (1) Conidia disto-septate, with inner walls greatly thickened and often with conspicuous septal pores


10. Conidia euseptate,with normally thickened or thin septa 11


11. (10) Median (coloured) cells of the conidia thin, smooth-walled and pale, occasionally nearly colourless; apical appendages consist of one obliquely bent terminal appendage giving the spore a hummingbird-like appearance and one or more lateral appendages borne on the convex side of the apical cell


11. Median cells of the conidia thick-walled, dark and sometimes roughened; apical appendages less regular in configuration



Pestalotiopsis species are parasitic or endophytic on living leaves and twigs but are often isolated from dead plant matter and even soil. Pestalotiopsis species, and those of related genera, are anamorphs of members of the ascomycete family Amphisphaeriaceae. Members of the Amphisphaeriaceae and their anamorphs include Amphisphaeria (Bleptosporium), Blogiascospora (Seiridium), Broomella (Pestalotia and Truncatella), Discostroma (Seimatosporium), Ellurema (Hyalotiopsis), Griphosphaerioma (Labridella), Lepteutypa (Seiridium), Neobroomella (Pestalotia), and Pestalosphaeria (Pestalotiopsis). Doliomyces, Monochaetia, Sarcostroma and Zetiasplozna have not yet been found associated with a holomorph. Ref: Guba 1961, Kang, et al 1999, Nag Raj, 1993.